What is Pickleball?

Curious about pickleball? So were we! In today’s article, we explain how this game came to be, and just why it’s so popular in certain parts of the world.


Pickleball is a paddle-based ball sport that brings together familiar elements of other paddle and racket-based games, including badminton, tennis, and table tennis or ping pong. Balls are typically constructed out of perforated polymer, with paddles constructed from solid materials such as wood, or other composite materials. In terms of size, the paddles themselves sit somewhere between the dimensions of a tennis or badminton racquet, and a table tennis paddle.

The history of pickleball dates to around 1965, when a former state representative of Washington was spending time with 2 friends after a round of golf. Without the shuttlecock needed for a game of badminton, the 3 friends improvised a similar sport by lowering the badminton net, picking up a ball and fashioning paddles of plywood from a shed.

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An Overview of Pickleball

Pickleball, or pickle ball, is a sport that’s played on a 20-foot by 44-foot badminton-sized court, regardless of whether it is a singles or doubles game being played out. The central net is hung at 36 inches each end, and 34 inches in the center, lower than that of a badminton court. Much like a tennis court, the pickleball court is striped, yet unlike tennis, it has no alley on either side.

Also like with tennis, the ball is served in a diagonal direction, with points only being awardable to the side of the court that served the ball (just like squash). On each side of the court, competitors must allow the ball a single bounce before they are permitted to volley the ball, with a 7-foot ‘no volley’ area to each side of the central net, which prevents ‘spiking,’ a tactic common in tennis. The ‘no volley’ zone is affectionately called ‘The Kitchen’.

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Pickleball-court-layoutServing the ball

Pickleball uses a specialized type of service, in which the ball is served diagonally from the right-hand service square of the court. When the ball is served, it must fall clear of the 7-foot ‘no volley’ zone mentioned above, landing in the opposing diagonal service court. The same side of the court will continue to serve until there is a fault made on that side, after which it will alternate to the opposing side of the court.

Serves are always performed underhand, never overhand, and the pickleball paddle must be kept below the waist, and the ball itself hit into the air without bouncing on the floor before it has cleared the net. In terms of stance, the person serving must maintain both feet behind the backline throughout the action.

When each game begins, the first team to serve the ball is permitted just a single fault per competitor; only one attempt at serving is permitted per person unless impacting the net and falling onto the opposing side, at which point that side may take over-serving and re-attempt the serve themselves. Otherwise, service switches sides once both members of a serving team have faulted.

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Volleying has the same meaning in pickleball as in tennis, meaning any attempt to hit the ball into the air without letting it bounce on the court first. In pickleball, this move is only permitted when a player’s feet are behind the 7-foot ‘no volley’ zone line, and after the ball has bounced at least once after the first service, as we will explain in the next section.


The double-bounce rule is also known commonly as the two-bounce rule and determines that each team must play their first shot of the ball only after it has been allowed to bounce once within their half of the court. After the ball is served, the receiving team must allow it to bounce once before making contact, and similarly, the serving team must allow the returning ball to bounce once within their half of the court. After these actions have occurred, the ball can be freely volleyed or allowed to bounce at the decision of the teams during play.

This rule allows rallies to occur more easily and prevents quick points where players gamble at the net, looking to smash a quick volley. This is the kind of rule that makes pickleball so accessible and fun to play. It has been designed with enjoyment at the core, and the double-bounce rule and ‘no volley’ areas are central to this.

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Rules of faults

Pickleball has a number of rules around when a fault would be considered to have been committed by a player; these are as follows:

  • The ball is knocked out of bounds by a team’s player
  • The ball does not clear the net after a serve or shot
  • The ball is volleyed by a player from within the ‘no volley’ zone
  • The ball is volleyed before the double-bounce rule has been allowed to play out
  • The ball has impacted any part of the ‘no volley’ zone during a team’s serve, including impacting the zone line

Scoring of points

A team may be awarded a point only when it is their turn to serve the ball, and the serving player must continue to serve until their team commits a fault; this applies to both solo or doubles play. When a fault is made, the service changes over to the opposing team, who may then score points through serving. This is called a ‘Side Out.’ A game is won at 11 points, though a team must win by a margin of 2 points or greater.


The popularity of this sport varies from country to country, but within the US for example, there are estimated to be over 15,000 total indoor and outdoor courts dedicated to the sport. At least one pickleball location is located within each of the American states. Additionally, the sport is taught within physical education classes in middle and high schools across the country.

What’s more, a study conducted in 2016 to determine the level of participation within the sport found that there were more than 2.5 million pickleball players active within the US. This surveying was conducted by the Sports and Fitness Industry Association (SFIA).


While all traditional racket sports are unique and fun in their own way, pickleball takes the parts that make them so enjoyable and combines them into an accessible game for all. The rules are designed with enjoyment at the core, with the double bounce rule ensuring that rallies occur on each service point. The ‘no volley’ area also ensures that players have time to hit a shot and are not constantly defending aggressive overhead volleys from the net like in tennis. It’s a sport for all ages and skills that is seriously fun to play.

There are loads more articles like this coming soon at We’ll even have a guide to the top pickleball paddles going live in the near future.

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By TheVillagesFL [CC BY-SA 4.0], from Wikimedia Commons

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